Some of the best plants for bank stabilization are native grass, and other grass varieties like vetch, wheatgrass, or rye. Smart choices for lakefront landscapes include the following natives: The beautiful fall color of red maple. Sedges have triangular stems and grow in shallow water, while rushes have cylindrical stems and grow in clumps. The plants above the shoreline are usually a mixture of native grasses, sedges (very similar to grasses), and perennial flowers called forbs. For guidelines on designing a shoreline landscape, refer to Bindu Bhakta’s Michigan State University Extension article, “Implementing shoreline landscaping requires pre-planning.”. Arrowhead or Duck Potato (Sagittaria latifolia) Duck Potato, or arrowhead, is a perennial that grows 1 to 4 feet tall and has large broad leaves shaped like arrows with small white flowers. There are actually several reasons. Photo credit: Mary Wilson, MSU Extension. Establishing buffer zones takes minimal effort and requires little maintenance. aquatic resource management professionals. All of the credits and the maximum points are summarized in the GSH Credits and Ratings Guide. Shoreline vegetation also helps protect water quality. It grows to be 2 to 6 feet high with flowers from June to August. If you have property on a waterfront, native trees and shrubs help protect shorelines and provide beauty. Page 31 of 51! While many people enjoy a white sandy beach along their shoreline, this unfortunately allows nutrients from the yard and surrounding areas to flow directly into the lake. Experts agree that re-creating cottage shorelines with native vegetation is the best solution for water quality and long-term shoreline stability. Photo credit: Mary Wilson, MSU Extension. These buffer strips or ribbons of vegetation catch sediment and other pollution before it reaches the lake. The removal of natural vegetation usually leads to landscape and shoreline erosion because bare soil can be displaced much more easily than soil that’s held in place by strong root systems. You will also probably find that these plants will reduce problems with more aggressive and invasive aquatic plants. Shoreline erosion affects both the Great Lakes and inland lakes in Michigan. Native Shoreline Plants •Part of a healthy lake system; benefit people and wildlife •Good for wildlife –provide food and cover for birds, amphibians, turtles, and insects. Examples of these plants are tropical water lilies, hardy water lilies, watershields and lotus. soil Wet to moist light Sun to part shade. Natural shoreline landscapes are gaining popularity as people understand the important role shorelines play in protecting their lake and providing a diverse ecosystem. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. Above the OHWM. It has creeping underwater rhizomes with heart-shaped leaves and violet-blue spikes extending about the water. Some do best in full sun, while others do better in partial to full shade. A successful shoreline landscape hinges on matching plants needs to site conditions. Preventing bluff erosion. To contact an expert in your area, visit https://extension.msu.edu/experts, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464). Pickerelweed blooms from June through November and provides good cover for birds, fish and amphibians.Blueflag Iris (Iris versicolor). The deep, robust root systems of these plants bind soils in the area where the majority of erosion is occurring, just below the water surface. They grow in shallow areas and banks of lakes, ponds, rivers, and ditches. When shoreline erosion happens, major problems arise for property owners as well as the lake environment. The Novi Cottage and Lakefront Living Show on Feb. 27-March 2; the West Michigan Home and Garden Show on March 6-9; and the Lansing Home and Garden Show on March 13-16 will host a variety of free seminars, informational booths and be the site to “ask the experts” from MSU Extension about your gardening questions. Adding habitat for birds and butterflies will add to your overall enjoyment of this outdoor living space. Just beware of certain undesirable or invasive plants such as cattails, phragmites, purple loosestrife, alligatorweed and smartweed as many of these have an explosive ability to spread and require extensive effort to manage.Contact your lake and pond management professional to help determine the best plant species for your area and look forward to those beautiful views and welcomed dragonflies, butterflies and waterfowl! A shoreline project is assessed against a series of credits for which a homeowner or builder can achieve points. Generally rigid, these plants do not need water for support. SOLitude’s team of aquatic resource management professionals specializes in the development and execution of customized lake, stormwater pond, wetland and fisheries management programs that include water quality testing and restoration, nutrient remediation, algae and aquatic weed control, installation and maintenance of fountains and aeration systems, bathymetry, shoreline erosion restoration, mechanical harvesting and hydro-raking, lake vegetation studies, biological assessments, habitat evaluations, and invasive species management. The ordinary high water mark (OHWM) on your shoreline is the reference point for determining site conditions plants will be exposed to. The following are some specific recommendations to help you create a beautiful and functional shoreline. You will find that they only need controlling once per year or less. They grow in swamps, marshes, and on wet shores and are often found in standing water. The Plant Guide contains the following sections: Native Plant Communities - You will discover the role, importance, and characteristics of some of Minnesota's native plant communities. This clumping plant has several violet-blue flowers with yellow-based sepals that emerge on sturdy stalks among tall sword-like leaves. Along river bluffs, river currents can erode the supporting soil. Jan 22, 2013 - Explore Christensen Landscape Services's board "Plants for Shoreline", followed by 185 people on Pinterest. . Most are native to Wisconsin. Aquatic plants are used to enhance the beauty of lakes and ponds as well as provide habitat for other forms of aquatic life. Joe Pye Weed and Swamp Milkweed are two perennials that belong along lakeshores. 1. There are many grass-like aquatic sedges and rushes such as bulrush and soft rush. February 26, 2014. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. This group is also referred to as shoreline and wetland plants. This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. All Rights Reserved. You will also benefit from proper buffer management by attracting insects, like dragonflies, that feed on mosquito larvae, thus helping to control mosquito populations in and around your pond. Whether you are working along a lake, stream or Puget Sound, restoring your shoreline provides numerous benefits for wildlife and you. They have limited wildlife value, so they are resistant to being eaten by waterfowl and other animals. It grows in wet sites or shallow water along lake and stream margins, marshes and swamps. This booklet highlights the following plants because they are well suited for Missouri ponds, lakes, and wetlands and are easy to obtain and manage. These littoral zones provide a key habitat for wading birds, fish, and other aquatic invertebrate to forage or to find refuge within. When choosing native plants for your shoreline you should have a landscape design plan and know the Lake fetch or prevailing wind direction on your lake in relationship to your property. This planting area is further away from the high water mark and features drier soils. On lakes, waves can erode supporting soil at the bottom of the bluff. They do not like continuous stress resulting from waves and ice. This information is for educational purposes only. Many people ask why we always suggest native plants for a shoreline garden. Upland. These plants have most or all of their vegetative and flowering parts above the surface of the water or on the shoreline. Its beautiful flowers attract bees and butterflies, as well as dragonflies, which consume mosquito larvae. Diverting surface runoff away from the bluff (including rain gutter outlets). The OHWM is also a regulatory point of reference and, according to the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, only native Michigan species may be planted below the OHWM. A littoral plant can be defined as any aquatic plant along a lake shoreline. Some suggested natives include: Edible serviceberry fruit in early June is similar to blueberries. On June 19, 2012 it began to rain in northern Minnesota. The plants growing in the water are typically a variety of rushes and bulrushes (which look similar to the reeds you can see growing in wetlands) and perennial flowers. Shoreline trees, shrubs, and groundcover plants buffer/protect lakes by acting as a sponge for stormwater runoff. Rushes and sedges are great habitat for wading birds and your shoreline will look more natural and attractive, too. These plants can be expected to spread, but are not aggressive. Between the water level and OHWM. While it is a technical reference, the Plant Guide contains practical features designed to support shoreline restoration projects. The plant selection can also be tailored to meet the desires of the landowner but the priority should be providing the best root structure for long term success. Then go about choosing what plants will serve your needs and aesthetic. Another plant that not only looks pretty, but attracts butterflies and even hummingbirds with its nectar supply is the cardinal flower. Trees and shrubs for this area tolerate soils that are consistently moist, but are less likely to flood. Sandpipers, cardinals and juncos eat the seeds. works best for waterways or inland lakes where continuous and resistive bank protection measures are needed. For more information, consult . Learn about lakes online with MSU Extension. Certain plants are suited to growing conditions below the OHWM and others are suited to growing above the OHWM. 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