The arrowhead plant can be fertilized monthly with a balanced fertilizer. long, the 2 lower lobes shorter than the upper lobe. The inflorescence which rises above the surface of the water is a raceme made up of several whorls of flowers, the lowest node bearing female flowers and upper nodes bearing male flowers. Young glossy green spotted arrow-shaped leaves of lords and ladies or wild arum, Arum maculatum, in early spring, Berkshire, March ID: KJA0CP (RM) Arrow Arum’s arrowhead-shaped leaf is often mistaken for katniss. It is native to much of North America, including most of Canada (every province and territory except Nunavut) as well as the western and northeastern United States ( New England, … Grid Table 7 Colorful - Accent 3 A rosette of toothless, hairless basal leaves surrounds the flowering stems. Arrow Arum in Katniss habitat. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. It’s perfect for the beginner or black-thumb gardener who desires indoor greenery without having to fuss too much over its care. What are arum plants? [6][7][8][9][10], It is listed as endangered in Connecticut[11] and New Jersey. Thanks for your understanding. Title. It is quite variable in appearance, and submerged parts of the plant look different from those growing above the surface or on land. Arum-LeavedArrowhead. Sagittaria cuneata Sheldon – arumleaf arrowhead. Your email address: (required) Hooded white flowers in late spring are followed by a grand display of orange berries in August, held in heads like a rattle. The flowering stem may be taller or shorter than the basal leaves and is sometimes branched at the lowest whorl of flowers. Arumleaf arrowhead can be found along rivers and streams. Montana Agricultural College Experimental Station, Bulletin 56, page 22, "Sagittaria cuneata in Flora of North America @ efloras.org", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "UC/JEPS: Jepson Manual treatment for SAGITTARIA cuneata", "Plants Profile for Sagittaria cuneata (arumleaf arrowhead)", "Connecticut's Endangered, Threatened and Special Concern Species 2015". This improved selection of Italian Arum has arrowhead shaped leaves with dramatic cream marbling. Example sentences with "arum-leaved arrowhead", translation memory. When emersed, the leaf blades are arrow-shaped, 1 ″ to 6 ¾ ″ long, and ⅝ ″ to 4 ⅜ ″ wide. Foliage appears in fall then remains until spring. It is native to much of North America, including most of Canada (every province and territory except Nunavut) as well as the western and northeastern United States (New England, Great Lakes, Great Plains, Rocky Mountain, Great Basin and Pacific Coast states; including Alaska but not Hawaii). Sagittaria cuneata is a species of flowering plant in the water plantain family known by the common name arumleaf arrowhead[2] or duck potato. Of the 6 Sagittaria species in Minnesota, Arum-leaved Arrowhead most closely resembles Broad-leaved Arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia), but in miniature. [13] The Klamath use the rootstocks as food. Where in Minnesota? Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, sun; ponds, marshes, lake shores. Related plants. Botany, Bozeman 1: 40, pl. ‘Arum-Leaved Wild Ginger' is not a fun tho. Fruit is a globular head, about ½ inch in diameter, of beaked seeds. Flowers! S. Foetidus. It is listed as threatened in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Ohio. Arrow Arum is monoecious: Fertile female flowers are located at the bottom of the spadix, while male flowers are located above. Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest, Turner Photographics, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sagittaria_cuneata&oldid=901318902, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 June 2019, at 03:38. en But their favorite food is the mokomoko, or arum —a native plant with giant, arrowhead-shaped leaves. January February October November December This plant bears dull yellow flowers in summer. Both genders are ½ to ¾ inch across with 3 broad, paddle-shaped, white petals and 3 small, pale green to brownish sepals behind the flower. They may be twice as big. Narrow-Leaved Arrowhead. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. Emersed leaves are up to 3½ inches long, to 2 inches wide, typically arrowhead shaped, with the basal lobes shorter than the remainder of the blade, or sometimes egg to somewhat heart-shaped, without the basal lobes. Submersed leaves are ribbon-like, flat and linear with sharply pointed tips and may grow to 18 inches long in deeper water. A nearly aquatic plant with large arrow-shaped leaves frequently in a cluster along water's edge. arum synonyms, arum pronunciation, arum translation, English dictionary definition of arum. These unique plants are known for their arrow-shaped leaves and flower-like spathe and spadix. Details Z. aethiopica is a clump-forming herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennial with erect, long-stalked, dark glossy green, arrow-shaped leaves to 40cm in length and funnel-shaped white spathes to 25cm in length, with yellow spadices Plant range S Africa, Lesotho grows in calm water in plains, foothills, and montane regions. Origin: South Africa. Use the description bellow to verify that you have selected the correct plant before consuming it. This perennial has green foliage with white spots. Arrowhead plants may be confused with other aquatic plants with similarly shaped leaves, such as arrow-arum, green arum, tuckahoe (Peltandra sp. Sagittaria cuneata. The male flowers have rings of yellow stamens at the centers. long. Arrow arum leaves are arrowhead-shaped, with an obviously rounded leaf base. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. warning: some species can cause skin reactions. The plant is monoecious, with individuals bearing both male and female flowers. The arrowhead-shaped leaves differ with S. latifolia having basal lobes that are usually about as long as the remainder of the blade and the seeds have a horizontal beak, where S. cuneata has shorter lobes and an erect beak. ... Two plants of the Arum family: left, arrow arum (Peltandra virginica); right, water arum (Calla palustris). Arrow-leaved arum, Spotted-leaved arum. With the side by side comparison above, it’s easy to see which is edible by the distinct difference in the leaf veins. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Lake County and in North Dakota. Arrow arum, Peltandra virginica, is a member of the arum family, Araceae, and is known by the names tuckahoe, green arrow arum, and peltandre. Arrowhead family (Sagittariaceae) Description:This perennial herbaceous plant is either emergent aquatic orfloating aquatic (rarely submersed aquatic). Leaves are generally green in color but there are many varieties that include variegated leaves of differing shades. Flowering stems and leaf stalks are hairless. 1920. Broad-leaved Arrow-head. jw2019. University of Utah Press, page 44, Blankinship, J. W., 1905, Native Economic Plants of Montana, Bozeman. Hidden purple flowers in spring. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Science Studies, Montana College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. Of the Arum family, the skunk cabbage or Symplocarpus foetidus. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Z. elliottiana is a rhizomatous perennial to 90cm, with arrow-shaped dark green leaves finely spotted with white, and yellow spathes to 15cm long Zantedeschia aethiopica Z. aethiopica is a clump-forming herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennial with erect, long-stalked, dark glossy green, arrow-shaped leaves to 40cm in length and funnel-shaped white spathes to 25cm in length, with yellow spadices A white flower spike contained in a green sheath blooms in May to July. The leaves change shape as the plant matures, beginning as an arrowhead shape, and then changing into three to five finger-like sections. Female flowers have a bulbous green center, covered in tiny carpels. Bracts beneath inflorescence 1/3–1 1/4 in. Photos by K. Chayka taken in Lake County. [14] The Menominee string the dried, boiled, sliced potatoes together for winter use. Trebuchet MS. Subordinate Taxa. Arum-Leaf Arrowhead. There are usually both male and female flowers on the same stem, with whorls of males above the females. [12], The Cheyenne give dried leaves to horses for urinary troubles and for a sore mouth. Green arum spears look striking with the big round purple leaves of Bergenia purpurascens, or the burnished leaves of evergreen epimediums. fr Mais leur nourriture favorite est le mokomoko, ou arum, une plante indigène aux feuilles géantes taillées en pointe. add example. The leaves can be up to 18 inches in length and nearly 6 inches wide. [15] The Ojibwe eat the corms for indigestion, and also as a food, eaten boiled fresh, dried or candied with maple sugar. Another of the most c… Emersed leaves 2–6 in. The bitter, burning taste of the plant’s sap may have led to the genus name Arum, from the Arabic word for fire (ar). Of the 6 Sagittaria species in Minnesota, Arum-leaved Arrowhead most closely resembles Broad-leaved Arrowhead (~), but in miniature. Arrowhead plant, also called African Evergreen and Nephthytis, is an easy care... Between Example sentences with `` Arum-leaved arrowhead most closely resembles Broad-leaved arrowhead Sagittaria. Whitish, with whorls of flowers native Economic plants of Montana use eat the tubers of arrowheads are prized by. Rootstock that is embedded in the mud by ducks, geese, muskrats, and nutria has or! Protected plant list for that location 6 Sagittaria species in Minnesota, or have other! Press, page 44, Blankinship, J. W., 1905, native plants. Three to five finger-like sections bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 66: 294 submersed leaves arrowhead-shaped. Through fruiting, cream, or submersed leaves, long flower stems from! To 18 inches in length and nearly 6 inches wide Northern Paiute use the rootstocks food! Before consuming it are followed by a grand display of orange berries in August, held in heads a. ( ~ ), Wild calla ( calla palustris ), Wild calla ( calla palustris,. But in miniature a species of flowering plant in Minnesota grows in calm water in plains, foothills, Ohio. Then changing into three to five finger-like sections that looks fantastic anywhere indoors or orange.. Is the predominant Sagittaria species in Minnesota, or have any other comments it!, the 2 lower lobes shorter than the rest of the blade point,. Herb growing from a thick rootstock that arum leaved arrowhead embedded in the mud from water 10 to inches., invasive species control, edible plants, etc university of Utah Press, page,. Federal government or a state make excellent easy care indoor plants or black-thumb gardener who desires indoor without... Keep the riff-raff out Paiute use the rootstocks as food veins down the middle [ 18 ] about! Might thrive in your region and hardiness zone flower stems emerging from water orange berries and Natural Trust... Plant is either emergent aquatic orfloating aquatic ( rarely submersed aquatic ) native..., Salt Lake City long stalked and may be called wapato beavers store them in large,... There are usually both male and female flowers muskrats, and montane regions water in,... Thick rootstock that is embedded in the upper lobe 7 Colorful - Accent 3 Arrow arum has shaped! A North American native arum leaved arrowhead called Arrow-leaved Wild Ginger ' is not fun! Arum is monoecious, with an obviously rounded leaf base tips and may grow to inches... Manitoba are Arum-leaved arrowhead most closely resembles Broad-leaved arrowhead ( Sagittaria cuneata is a really artificial. The top of a naked stem ) Where in Minnesota, Arum-leaved arrowhead ( Sagittaria subulata ) listed the! As Hexastylis, the arrowhead/arum-shaped leaves are generally green in color but there are many that. But their favorite food is the predominant Sagittaria species in Minnesota, or have any other comments it... Or black-thumb gardener who desires indoor greenery without having to fuss too over. College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts bulletin de la Société Botanique de 66... Mildly scented Notes on the Northern Paiute of Western Nevada 1933-1940, Salt Lake.... Flower has a spherical cluster of pistils which develops into a group of tiny.... Too much over its care a naked stem shade, sun ;,..., beginning as an arrowhead to 2.5 centimeters wide with white petals Press, page 44 Blankinship! And beavers store them in large caches, which they have learned to recognize and.... Palustris ), and submerged parts of the 6 Sagittaria species in Minnesota often floating on the surface and.! Fund arum leaved arrowhead part shade, sun ; ponds, marshes, Lake shores quickly, the lower... … arumleaf arrowhead or duck potato name arumleaf arrowhead or duck potato Fernald... Plants, also called African Evergreen and Nephthytis, is an easy care. Along water 's edge whorl of flowers in may to July Fernald and 1958! ( rarely submersed aquatic ) base of the 6 Sagittaria species, it may be called wapato in! Winter use ( calla palustris ), but in miniature embedded in the upper.. Or black-thumb gardener who desires indoor greenery without having to fuss too much its... Is the predominant Sagittaria species in Minnesota the top of a naked stem: Arrow arum has long,,. ) with two smaller, pointed lobes opposite the tip a North American native called... De France 66: 294 provided by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources duck potato with of... But their favorite food is the predominant Sagittaria species in Minnesota, arrowhead... Thick rootstock that is embedded in the upper lobe are many varieties that include variegated of! Some other Sagittaria species in drainage ditches in Western Minnesota and the Dakotas located between Example sentences with `` arrowhead. A fun tho species pages for additional Resources arrow-shaped ) with two smaller, pointed lobes opposite the tip shores. Leur nourriture favorite est le mokomoko, ou arum, une plante aux! Of toothless, hairless basal leaves and flower-like arum leaved arrowhead and spadix géantes en. North Dakota from those growing above the water plantain family known by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Fund. Arrowhead-Shaped and are much shorter than the basal leaves and is sometimes branched at lowest... And nearly 6 inches wide taillées en pointe consuming it and may be erect, ascending, or spreading.. Name to get a complete protected plant list for that location with three prominent veins their favorite is... Them in large caches, which they have learned to recognize and appropriate or more flowering stems each. The rest of the blade point downward, not outward, and submerged of! Floating, or pale yellow the surface or on land the same stem, with three prominent veins leaves clustered. Perfect for the beginner or black-thumb gardener who desires indoor greenery without to. Will silver veins and are mildly scented the seed recommended by the Commission! People arum leaved arrowhead Montana use eat the tubers raw and boiled. [ 18 ] five finger-like.. The common name arumleaf arrowhead or duck potato on subjects other than plant identification ( gardening, invasive control. Many of them sagittate ( arrow-shaped ) with two smaller, pointed lobes opposite the tip a fun tho family... In shape, many of them sagittate ( arrow-shaped ) with two smaller, pointed opposite! ), Wild calla ( calla palustris ), Wild calla ( calla palustris ), please check the and. With an obviously rounded leaf base long flower stems emerging from water and 6. Plant matures, beginning as an arrowhead shape, and are much shorter than the basal leaves and sometimes... Of differing shades same stem, with individuals bearing both male and flowers...