Much remains to be learned about its ecological and biological characteristics. It encompasses 582,578 square miles of the Pacific Ocean (1,508,870 square kilometers) - an area larger than all the country's national parks combined. The Papahãnaumokuãkea Marine National Monument is the largest marine reserve in the world, larger than all U.S. national parks combined. Marine monuments and national … Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument Celebrates 10 Years as a World Heritage Site Algae species discovered infesting NW Hawaiian waters has been identified Papahānaumokuākea Research and Conservation Fund Announces $1 Million in Grants to Support Management and Conservation Stories and activities of Papahānaumokuākea 2019 The Monument Management Plan (MMP) will integrate individual refuge Comprehensive Conservation Plans (CCPs) and NOAA’s monument management activities and regulations for fishery-related activities. The problem began earlier, however, in 2006 when President George W. Bush designated the first “ocean monument”: the 89-million-acre Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, located in the Northwestern Hawaiin Islands, which has since swelled significantly larger. Due to its inaccessibility, the region is virtually unexplored. The Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument The monument is home to more than 7,000 species, including many threatened or endangered birds, plants, seals and sea turtles. The monument protects 12 seabird species, 140 coral species, 270 fish species and important green sea turtle nesting habitat. Marine monuments and national marine sanctuaries are both types of marine protected areas. Coral reefs found in Papahānaumokuākea are home to over 7,000 marine species, one quarter of which are found only in the Hawaiian Archipelago. Fish and Wildlife Service works with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, state and territorial governments, and others to cooperatively manage four marine national monuments in the Pacific Ocean and one in the Atlantic. Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument (NPS) Oregon National Monuments . (NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research/AP) President Trump announced Friday that he will remove protections on the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument, a … and includes some of the deepest known areas on Earth. The first and only mixed (natural and cultural) World Heritage site in the United States, it includes two national wildlife refuges, plus the Battle of Midway National Memorial and the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve. https://earthjustice.org/features/explainer-marine-national-monument The monument, which begins about 150 miles off the New England coastline, is an unusually diverse and productive environment. 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