ridings stay, electoral commission says", "Proposed riding redistribution splits Village in half", "Village preserved in final riding-redistribution proposal", "An Act respecting the effective date of the representation order of 2003 (S.C. 2004, c. 1)", "Queen's Park's biggest spenders revealed", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Electoral_district_(Canada)&oldid=980979556, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 September 2020, at 15:56. Elections Canada is the independent body set up by Parliament to oversee Canadian federal elections, while each province and territory has its own separate elections agency to oversee the provincial and territorial elections. 452. One seat is automatically allocated to each of Canada's three territories, leaving 279. British Columbia provincially had a mix of multiple-member districts and single-member districts at the provincial level until the 1991 election, and Prince Edward Island had dual-member districts at the provincial level until the 1996 election. Remember me? Password All other provinces still held the same number of seats that they held in 1985, and were thus already protected from losing even one seat by the other clauses. Under the "senatorial clause", a province's number of seats in the House of Commons can never be lower than its constitutionally mandated number of senators, regardless of the province's population. Originally, most electoral districts were equivalent to the counties used for local government, hence the French unofficial term comté. While such a provision was proposed in the failed Charlottetown Accord, no such rule currently exists—Quebec's seat allotment in the House of Commons is in fact governed by the same adjustment clauses as all other provinces, and not by any provisions unique to Quebec alone. Thus, while Canadians who reside in major urban centres typically live within walking distance of their federal or provincial representatives' constituency offices, a rural resident may not even be able to call their federal or provincial representative's constituency offices without incurring long-distance calling charges. To be a candidate for an election, a person must be a Canadian citizen and be 18 years or older. What is another name for an electoral district? On some occasions (e.g., Timiskaming—French River, Toronto—Danforth), a riding's name may be changed without a boundary adjustment. Federal Ridings in Canada. Rural constituencies therefore became geographically larger through the 20th century and generally encompassed one or more counties each, and the word "riding" became used to refer to any electoral division. [14] For example, the 2003 Representation Order was deemed to be effective 1 January 2004,[15] and came into force after dissolution of the 37th Canadian Parliament on 23 May 2004. How many MPs can be elected in each electoral district? Canada is currently divided into 338 electoral districts. Canada is currently divided into 338 electoral districts. 20. The Constitution Act, 1867, which created the electoral map for Ontario for the first general election, used the term "ridings" to describe districts which were sub-divisions of counties. Under the new model, electoral districts are now adjusted every ten years, although most adjustments are geographically modest and the district's name is sometimes, but not always, the only substantive change that actually occurs. However, it became common, especially in Ontario, to divide counties with sufficient population into multiple electoral divisions. This practice is no longer employed in the other provinces and territories.[2]. Since 2015 there have been 338 federal electoral districts in Canada. Although most electoral districts in the province still conform to federal boundaries, later amendments to the 1999 legislation have reauthorized the introduction of some differences from the federal map. [1] The word "riding", from Old English *þriðing "one-third" (compare farthing, literally "one-fourth"), is an English term denoting a sub-division of a county. One representative, or member of Parliament, is elected for each riding. Enter an address or post code to get information about your local representative, District and politician data from Represent, Please be aware that the online versions of the. While electoral districts at both the federal and provincial levels are now exclusively single-member districts, multiple-member districts have been used in the past. An electoral district in Canada, colloquially and more commonly known as a riding, is a geographical constituency upon which Canada's representative democracy is based. Create an account. [5] For example, the four federal electoral districts in Prince Edward Island have an average size of just 33,963 voters each, while federal electoral districts in Ontario, Alberta and British Columbia have an average size of over 125,000 voters each—only slightly smaller, in fact, than the entire population of Prince Edward Island.[18]. Learn about Canada by reading each section of the Discover Canada study guide, and answering review questions. With the exception of the Alberta districts, where single transferable voting was used, voters in multiple-districts cast as many votes as there were seats in the district. The federal riding of Ottawa elected two members from 1872 to 1933. 59. In provincial and territorial legislatures, the provinces and territories each set their own number of electoral districts independently of their federal representation; although the province of Ontario currently defines most, but not all, of its provincial electoral districts to align with federal boundaries, no other province does so, and even Ontario maintains a few variances from federal boundaries. For the 2018 Ontario general election, further, two new uniquely provincial districts were added to improve representation for the far north of the province. Where possible we have shared correct information and links to their sources. In 2004, for example, Prince Edward Island would have been entitled to only a single seat according to the electoral quotient, but through the senatorial clause the province gained three more seats to equal its four senators. It is officially known in Canadian French as a circonscription, but frequently called a comté (county). Each province is free to decide its own number of legislative assembly seats, and is not required to comply with the federal quotas that govern its number of parliamentary districts. The total population of Canada's provinces is thus divided by 279, resulting in an "electoral quotient", and then the population of each individual province is divided by this electoral quotient to determine the number of seats to which the province is officially entitled.